Tribal Pass Crack

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CLEVELAND (AP) — After more than 40 years, the city of Cleveland has granted landmark status to the correct birthplace of John Heisman, the namesake of college football’s most prestigious. Sreedhanya Suresh, the first woman from a tribal community in Kerala to crack the UPSC civil services exams, is all set to join as assistant collector in Kozhikode district. The joining date has not been confirmed due to the nationwide lockdown following the coronavirus outbreak.

An Ontario power company has announced it will no longer consider storing low- to intermediate-level radioactive waste within 1 mile of the Lake Huron shoreline, after a local Indian tribe's vote in opposition to the project.

But a similar plan to store underground highly radioactive spent nuclear fuel from Canada's nuclear power plants could still happen in the Great Lakes Basin.

The Tribal Law and Order Reauthorization and Amendments (TLOA) Act of 2017 reauthorizes and extends critical programs under the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010. Specifically, the bill: Establishes accountability, oversight and coordination authority within the Department of Justice’s Office of the Deputy Attorney General. You'll need to ease back in. Some common plans include: Driving.Usually 4 to 6 weeks, but you need to make sure your concentration is back before you get behind the wheel. 'Tribal Pass' Original Game Soundtrack & Art collection. 10 tracks composed by Ruslan viter. Including tracks from Early Access period, which you can't hear in final game. Art by Evgeniy Yudin (Mazokpixels). Includes concepts and art which you can't find in final game. Bonus: first playable prototype from 2013, all made by Stas Shostak with.

Saugeen Ojibway Nation members on Friday voted to reject a proposed Deep Geologic Repository at the Bruce Nuclear Generating Station in Kincardine, Ontario. The result was 1,058 tribal members voting against the repository; 170 voting for it.

Ontario Power Generation committed in 2013 that it would not build the repository at the Bruce site without support of the tribe.

'OPG respects the decision of SON members,' said OPG CEO and President Ken Hartwick in a statement. 'We will now move forward to develop an alternate solution.'

The repository was to store almost a half-mile underground low- to intermediate-level radioactive waste from OPG-owned nuclear generating stations at Bruce, Darlington and Pickering, Ontario. The waste is currently being stored aboveground, but a more permanent solution in the underground repository was sought.

The vote was 'a historic milestone and momentous victory for our people,' said Chief Lester Anoquot of the Chippewas of Saugeen Ojibway Nation in a statement.

'We worked for many years for our right to exercise jurisdiction in our territory and the free, prior and informed consent of our people to be recognized,' he said.

'As Anishinaabe, we didn't ask for this waste to be created and stored in our territory, but it is here. We have a responsibility to our Mother Earth to protect both her and our lands and waters.'

The repository plan garnered almost universal opposition from lawmakers, residents and environmentalists in Michigan and other Great Lakes states, because of its potential, however remote, to contaminate the Great Lakes, a regional economy of 107 million people with a gross domestic product of $6 trillion and the drinking water source for 40 million people on the U.S. and Canadian sides.

OPG officials said deep geologic repositories 'are recognized around the world as a scientifically sound solution' for radioactive waste.

'Nuclear energy — as a non-emitting source of electricity — is a vital tool in fighting climate change,' Hartwick said. 'To enjoy the benefits of this low-carbon, low-cost and reliable source of energy with peace of mind, we must manage the waste responsibly. Permanent and safe disposal is the right thing to do for future generations.'

Any new process on a different site for a low- to intermediate-level radioactive waste repository will include engagement with indigenous peoples and interested municipalities, OPG officials said.

But another proposed underground repository, this one for Canada's highly radioactive spent nuclear fuel, is still under consideration, potentially in the same area of Ontario, within the Great Lakes Basin.

The Canadian Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) late last year announced it has reduced its 22 potential host sites for that permanent underground storage site down to two, with one of them being in Bruce County, Ontario, near the same location as proposed for the low- to intermediate-level radioactive waste.

In January, the organization announced it had reached a combination of purchase and option agreements with landowners in South Bruce to allow technical site evaluations for a potential spent nuclear fuel repository location. The NWMO has committed about $23 million Canadian ($17.3 million U.S.) to secure access to the land in South Bruce.

'Going forward, technical site evaluations and social studies will continue in South Bruce, in southern Ontario, and Ignace, in northern Ontario,' NWMO spokesman Bradley Hammond told the Free Press last month. 'We expect to identify a single, preferred location for a deep geological repository for used nuclear fuel, to be located in an area with informed and willing hosts, by 2023.”

© Ontario Power Generation Dry storage containers of spent nuclear fuel are stored at Ontario Power Generation's Western Waste Management Facility, on the shores of Lake Huron in Kincardine, Ontario, in this May 2017 photo.

Contact Keith Matheny: 313-222-5021 or [email protected] Follow on Twitter @keithmatheny.

This article originally appeared on Detroit Free Press: Tribal vote nixes plans for radioactive waste storage underground near Lake Huron

What is Password Cracking?

Password cracking is the process of attempting to gain Unauthorized access to restricted systems using common passwords or algorithms that guess passwords. In other words, it’s an art of obtaining the correct password that gives access to a system protected by an authentication method.

Password cracking employs a number of techniques to achieve its goals. The cracking process can involve either comparing stored passwords against word list or use algorithms to generate passwords that match

In this Tutorial, we will introduce you to the common password cracking techniques and the countermeasures you can implement to protect systems against such attacks.

Topics covered in this tutorial


What is password strength?

Password strength is the measure of a password’s efficiency to resist password cracking attacks. The strength of a password is determined by;

  • Length: the number of characters the password contains.
  • Complexity: does it use a combination of letters, numbers, and symbol?
  • Unpredictability: is it something that can be guessed easily by an attacker?

Let’s now look at a practical example. We will use three passwords namely

1. password

2. password1

3. #password1$

For this example, we will use the password strength indicator of Cpanel when creating passwords. The images below show the password strengths of each of the above-listed passwords.

Note: the password used is password the strength is 1, and it’s very weak.

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Note: the password used is password1 the strength is 28, and it’s still weak.

Note: The password used is #password1$ the strength is 60 and it’s strong.

The higher the strength number, better the password.

Let’s suppose that we have to store our above passwords using md5 encryption. We will use an online md5 hash generator to convert our passwords into md5 hashes.

The table below shows the password hashes Tribal
PasswordMD5 HashCpanel Strength Indicator
password 5f4dcc3b5aa765d61d8327deb882cf99 1
password1 7c6a180b36896a0a8c02787eeafb0e4c 28
#password1$ 29e08fb7103c327d68327f23d8d9256c 60

We will now use to crack the above hashes. The images below show the password cracking results for the above passwords.

As you can see from the above results, we managed to crack the first and second passwords that had lower strength numbers. We didn’t manage to crack the third password which was longer, complex and unpredictable. It had a higher strength number.

Password cracking techniques

There are a number of techniques that can be used to crack passwords. We will describe the most commonly used ones below;

  • Dictionary attack– This method involves the use of a wordlist to compare against user passwords.
  • Brute force attack– This method is similar to the dictionary attack. Brute force attacks use algorithms that combine alpha-numeric characters and symbols to come up with passwords for the attack. For example, a password of the value “password” can also be tried as [email protected]$$word using the brute force attack.
  • Rainbow table attack– This method uses pre-computed hashes. Let’s assume that we have a database which stores passwords as md5 hashes. We can create another database that has md5 hashes of commonly used passwords. We can then compare the password hash we have against the stored hashes in the database. If a match is found, then we have the password.
  • Guess– As the name suggests, this method involves guessing. Passwords such as qwerty, password, admin, etc. are commonly used or set as default passwords. If they have not been changed or if the user is careless when selecting passwords, then they can be easily compromised.
  • Spidering– Most organizations use passwords that contain company information. This information can be found on company websites, social media such as facebook, twitter, etc. Spidering gathers information from these sources to come up with word lists. The word list is then used to perform dictionary and brute force attacks.

Spidering sample dictionary attack wordlist

Password cracking tool

These are software programs that are used to crack user passwords. We already looked at a similar tool in the above example on password strengths. The website uses a rainbow table to crack passwords. We will now look at some of the commonly used tools

John the Ripper

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John the Ripper uses the command prompt to crack passwords. This makes it suitable for advanced users who are comfortable working with commands. It uses to wordlist to crack passwords. The program is free, but the word list has to be bought. It has free alternative word lists that you can use. Visit the product website for more information and how to use it.

Cain & Abel

Cain & Abel runs on windows. It is used to recover passwords for user accounts, recovery of Microsoft Access passwords; networking sniffing, etc. Unlike John the Ripper, Cain & Abel uses a graphic user interface. It is very common among newbies and script kiddies because of its simplicity of use. Visit the product website for more information and how to use it.


Ophcrack is a cross-platform Windows password cracker that uses rainbow tables to crack passwords. It runs on Windows, Linux and Mac OS. It also has a module for brute force attacks among other features. Visit the product website for more information and how to use it.

Password Cracking Counter Measures

  • An organization can use the following methods to reduce the chances of the passwords been cracked
  • Avoid short and easily predicable passwords
  • Avoid using passwords with predictable patterns such as 11552266.
  • Passwords stored in the database must always be encrypted. For md5 encryptions, its better to salt the password hashes before storing them. Salting involves adding some word to the provided password before creating the hash.
  • Most registration systems have password strength indicators, organizations must adopt policies that favor high password strength numbers.

Hacking Activity: Hack Now!

In this practical scenario, we are going to crack Windows account with a simple password. Windows uses NTLM hashes to encrypt passwords. We will use the NTLM cracker tool in Cain and Abel to do that.

Cain and Abel cracker can be used to crack passwords using;

  • Dictionary attack
  • Brute force
  • Cryptanalysis

We will use the dictionary attack in this example. You will need to download the dictionary attack wordlist here

For this demonstration, we have created an account called Accounts with the password qwerty on Windows 7.

Password cracking steps

  • Open Cain and Abel, you will get the following main screen
  • Make sure the cracker tab is selected as shown above
  • Click on the Add button on the toolbar.
  • The following dialog window will appear
  • The local user accounts will be displayed as follows. Note the results shown will be of the user accounts on your local machine.
  • Right click on the account you want to crack. For this tutorial, we will use Accounts as the user account.

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  • The following screen will appear
  • Right click on the dictionary section and select Add to list menu as shown above
  • Browse to the 10k most common.txt file that you just downloaded
  • Click on start button
  • If the user used a simple password like qwerty, then you should be able to get the following results.
  • Note: the time taken to crack the password depends on the password strength, complexity and processing power of your machine.
  • If the password is not cracked using a dictionary attack, you can try brute force or cryptanalysis attacks.


Tribal Pass Crack Online

  • Password cracking is the art of recovering stored or transmitted passwords.
  • Password strength is determined by the length, complexity, and unpredictability of a password value.
  • Common password techniques include dictionary attacks, brute force, rainbow tables, spidering and cracking.
  • Password cracking tools simplify the process of cracking passwords.